Metastases to the skin or subcutaneous tissue are rare Here we p

Metastases to the skin or subcutaneous tissue are rare. Here we present a 49-year-old female patient with solitary scalp metastasis from follicular thyroid carcinoma FTC which was revealed with positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) imaging. PET showed flourodeoxiglucose avid lesion in the left vertex scalp. Scalp lesion was removed totally and histopathological examination revealed well-differentiated

thyroid cancer metastasis.”
“Though recent P005091 studies have reported the importance of several endogenous cytoprotective factors including heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) that protect intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) from the effects of stress and injury, the exact mechanism of HSP70 underlying

LY294002 cytoprotection against hypoxia/reoxygenation induced IEC injury remains unclear. The present study was designed to investigate the possible mechanisms by which HSP70 protected IECs against hypoxia/reoxygenation injury and focused on the effects of HSP70 on IEC apoptosis induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation injury. Recombinant adenoviruses (Ad-HSP70) were transfected into the intestinal epithelial cell line in vitro and then suffered from 90 min of hypoxia followed by 60 min of reoxygenation. The LDH leaking, apoptosis, and mitochondrial membrane potential (Delta Psi m) were evaluated after hypoxia/reoxygenation. The expression of HSP70, cytochrome c and Bcl-2 protein was determined by Western blot or immunofluorescence analysis. The results show that HSP70 protein was highly expressed in the IECs at 48

h following Ad-HSP70 HDAC inhibitor transfection. HSP70 overexpression could reduce LDH leakage and cell apoptosis in IECs following hypoxia/reoxygenation injury. Furthermore, the overexpression of HSP70 significantly reversed the decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential and the release of mitochondrial cytochrome c in IECs during hypoxia/reoxygenation. HSP70 overexpression was also associated with the increasing expression of Bcl-2 protein in IECs during hypoxia/reoxygenation. We conclude that HSP70 protects IECs against hypoxia/reoxygenation induced apoptosis through increasing Bcl-2 expression, which in turn could inhibit the mitochondria-related apoptotic pathway that involves the disruption of the Delta Psi m and release of cytochrome c from mitochondria. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“This work reports the physico-chemical characterisation of the micellar structures formed by a saponin fraction obtained from an important South American species, Ilex paraguariensis (mate). The mate saponin-enriched fraction (MSF) mainly comprises triterpenic glycosides and was obtained from mate green fruits through solid-phase extraction.

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